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L’indice Ibrahim - Press Relesase

October 4, 2010

Overall governance performance scores in Africa driven by gains in
economic and human development but undermined by democratic recession

Accra, Dakar, Johannesburg, Nairobi : The 2010 Ibrahim Index, released
today, shows recent gains in many countries in human and economic
development but declines in political rights, personal safety and the
rule of law.

The Ibrahim Index, launched in four cities across the continent, is
published by the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, an organisation committed to
supporting good governance and great leadership in Africa. The Index
assesses the delivery of public goods and services to citizens by
governments and non-state actors across 88 indicators.

Upon issuing this year’s Index Mo Ibrahim, Founder and Chair of the
Foundation, said :

‘The 2010 Ibrahim Index gives us a mixed picture about recent progress
on governance across the continent. While many African citizens are
becoming healthier and have greater access to economic opportunities
than five years ago, many of them are less physically secure and less
politically enfranchised.’

The Ibrahim Index is Africa’s leading assessment of governance,
established to inform and empower the continent’s citizens and to
support governments, parliaments and civil society to assess progress.

The 2010 Ibrahim Index shows both areas of progress and setbacks in
governance between 2004/05 and 2008/09 (the most recent period
assessed) :

- Overall governance quality remains largely unchanged from
previous years, with a continental average score of 49.
- However, this average masks large variation in performance
across countries. Angola, Liberia, and Togo have all seen significant
improvements in governance performance scores.
- Furthermore, there are large differences in trends across the
various categories of the Index.

- In both Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development
there have been improvements in many African countries. Importantly,
no country has declined significantly in these categories.
- In Sustainable Economic Opportunity, 41 African states
improved ; ten of these were significant.
- In Human Development, 44 of Africa’s 53 countries progressed
driven by improvements in most countries in the Health and Welfare
sub-category. Two of the improvements in Human Development were

- This progress is not mirrored in Safety and Rule of Law and
Participation and Human Rights.

- In Safety and Rule of Law, 35 African states have declined ;
five of these were significant declines.
- In Participation and Human Rights, although the results were
more mixed, almost two-thirds of African countries declined in the
Participation and Rights sub-categories.
- Analysis of the performance of countries in the Gender
sub-category shows some progress.

Considering these results, Salim Ahmed Salim, Board Member of the
Foundation and former Secretary-General of the Organisation of African
Unity, said :

‘We must ensure that the political side of governance in Africa is
not neglected. We have seen from evidence and experience across the
world that discrepancies between political governance and economic
management are unsustainable in the long term. If Africa is going to
continue to make progress we need to pay attention to the rights and
safety of citizens.’

The Ibrahim Index of African Governance was created in recognition of
the need for a robust, comprehensive and quantifiable tool for
citizens and governments to track governance performance in Africa.
The Ibrahim Index continues to be improved each year as part of the
Foundation’s commitment to ensure it is a living and progressive tool.

The 2010 version includes an additional indicator assessing
governments’ statistical capacity, providing insight into governments’
commitment to outcomes-driven policy-making and evaluation. New
indicators have also been included to assess gender issues, provision
of antiretroviral treatment and access to water and sanitation.
However the paucity of data about Africa continues to be a challenge
for the Foundation in the compilation of the Index. Official data for
many key indicators of governance, for example, income poverty,
maternal mortality, and physical infrastructure are patchy or
out-of-date. Commissioning and finding indicators that allow these key
areas, among others, to be included in the Index as well as
strengthening the assessment of issues currently covered by the Index
remain a core priority for the Foundation.

- The Ibrahim Index is launched today with events in Accra, Dakar,
Johannesburg, and Nairobi.
- The full dataset of the 2010 Ibrahim Index of African Governance
will be published on the Foundation’s website at 700 GMT on Monday 4
October :http://www.moibrahimfoundation.org/en/section/the-ibrahim-index
- Media resources including graphical illustrations of the data,
photographs, audio content, press releases, and background
documentation will be available on the Foundation’s website from 1000
GMT on Monday 4 October at


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