This Briefing has been prepared by Oxfam Liaison Office with the African Union
The Creation of the African Union (AU) and its predecessor the Organization of African Unity (OAU) translates the desire of African Leaders to unite African people in order to collectively deal with the multiple economic, social and political challenges on the national, regional and global fronts that the continent has been facing. Among them are the widespread poverty, devastating conflicts with their social and economic impacts, and numerous pandemic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Tuberculosis. The collective responses to these challenges have repeatedly affirmed the logic of unity and integration as formulated in the Charter of the OAU (1963) ; the Lagos Plan of Action and the Final Act of Lagos, (1980) ; the Abuja Treaty,(1991) ; the Sirte Declaration, (1999), and the Constitutive Act of the AU, (2000). These instruments stand as galvanising landmarks for integration in the face of Africa’s political and economic challenges. The current debate on the future of the AU is as divergent as it was when the OAU was established in 1963. The debate around the Union Government stared in 2007 and strongly fuelled by the late Kaddafi has lost it momentum over the last few years at the AU. Perhaps it is being reoriented to the broader concept of Pan Africanism.
In 2013, both AU Summits (i.e. January and May) will be organized around the theme ‘’Pan Africanism and African Renaissance’’ in order to “enhance the awareness of the new generation of Africans about the ideals of Pan-Africanism” (Assembly/AU/Dec.412(XVIII).This will culminate into the Golden Jubilee (50th anniversary) celebrations of OAU/AU on 25 May.
Given the on-going peace and security challenges that the continent is facing, it is difficult to believe that there will be enough space for a deep debate and decisions on Pan Africanism and African Renaissance in the January Summit. Rather the Summit is likely to be dominated by the conflicts in DRC, Mali, Sudan/South Sudan, Somalia etc. In addition, there are numerous unfinished businesses that need concrete follow up. These included the the intra-Africa trade issues, the effective implementation of previous AU decisions, alternative funding for the African Union, the effectiveness of AU organs including the Commission, and numerous social and development issues within the continent as the new Chairperson Dr. Nkosazana has been stressing in her recent declarations.
On the Summit Agenda
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Lancement du fond de l’entrepreneuriat des jeunes en Gambie.
La Conférence Internationale sur l’émergence de l’Afrique à Dakar : les 17, 18 et 19 Janvier à Dakar
Les café de l’IAG : sur les migrations, ressources d’intégration régionale