Les ressources minérales et le développement de l’Afrique - Septembre 2013
Africa has been endowed with a great number of important natural resources. Its mineral reserves of bauxite, chromite, cobalt, hafnium, diamonds, manganese, phosphate rock, platinum-group metals, soda ash, vermiculite and zirconium rank first or second in the world. The continent is also a major global producer of these minerals. For example, in 2008, Africa’s share of world platinum production exceeded 77% ; its share of diamond production was 55% ; chromite was 37% ; gold was about 22% ; and uranium was around 19%. With the entry in production of several mines of nickel, bauxite, copper, ilmenite and iron ore across the continent, Africa’s role as a mineral producer will be more cemented. The continent is an important player in world production of coal, oil and gas. In 2010, Africa accounted for a total share of 12.2% of the global oil production, with countries like Nigeria, Angola, Algeria and Libya accounting for 2.9% ; 2.3% ; 2% and 2% respectively. Africa’s natural gas production capacity grew by 359.5% between 1986 and 2006. In 2010, the continent produced 6.5% of the total world production.
To contribute to the reflexion on managing natural ressource endowment of Africa for the socio-economic transformation of the continent, AGI is sharing with you this month the Report on Mineral Resources and the development of Africa, published by the International Study Group (ISG) on Africa’s Mineral Regimes, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), and the African Union (AU).
You will find in this issue :
Chapter 1 : Introduction
Chapter 2 : Africa’s Minerals : History and Search for Direction
Chapter 3 : Global Trends
Publié le 3 octobre 2013